Canine melanoma, a complex and often challenging facet of veterinary oncology, encompasses a spectrum of tumors originating from melanocytes—the pigment-producing cells scattered throughout a dog’s body. These tumors can manifest in various locations, presenting a diverse clinical landscape for both veterinarians and pet owners. Ranging from benign to malignant, canine melanomas pose distinct diagnostic and therapeutic considerations, demanding a nuanced understanding of their behavior and treatment modalities.
The prevalence of melanomas in dogs underscores the significance of comprehending this type of cancer, as it can affect the skin, oral cavity, or even the eyes. The complexity deepens when considering factors such as the dog’s breed, predispositions, and the potential for metastasis.